Faria Bhatti

User Centered Design & Engineering | Technical Communication | Usability Research

Print Production

I worked as a senior project operator at FedEx Kinko's during my undergrad, and gained an immense amount of knowledge and skills around doc designing, printing and equiptments used.

Paper Types

Different types of paper were used to print different types of documents. Some of the paper types were: Resume, Cardstock, Pastel, Label, LZ 100lb, 80lb, 60lb, 70#, 90#, 20#, etc.


Sign & Banners

Printed oversize banners on different types of printing material using HP OVS color machine. Following is a list of material-type used to print banners: Indoor Vinyl Banner, Semi-Photo Gloss, Scrim, Heavy coated bond, Canvas, Polypropylene, and Lamination.


Finishing Department

The 'Finishing' or Auxiliary department consisted of machinery that proceeded the printing part of the projects. For example, if a document needs cutting or folding, that would get done after it gets printed. Following is a list of machines I learned to use by application.  

Booklet Maker

Booklet maker is used to make booklets with two staples on the center fold. The machine folds and staples the papers at the same time which results into a booklet.


Lamination machine consists of two plastic rolls that are loaded on the machine and the temperature is set to 250F degrees. As the paper is fed into the machine, the two plastic rolls stick together and encase the paper within it. That protects banners and prints from getting crumpled. The machine is also used to mount posters on foam core.

Comb Binding

Comb binding is used to bind pages together. Rectangular shaped holes are punched in the book with sharp pins. The pins can be taken out to change the size of the bind. The bind piece needs to be cut for it to fit the book.

Coil Binding

Coil binding machine is used to bind pages together to give them a book form. Holes are punched on left side of the papers and a spiral is used to coil it along the edge of the book. The size of the coil can be varied by crumpling it.

Velo Binding

Velo binding is used to bind pages together to give it a book form. The holes are punched in the papers and the bind is inserted in the holes. The machine is warmed up, the lids drop down on the bind to burn and glue binding pins on the side of the book.


The Padding machine can make notepads and glue NCR papers. The handle on the machine tightens the papers together and the specific glue is painted on the edge of the paper which needs to be glued together.

Heat Press

A heat press machine is used when an image needs to be imprinted on a piece of fabric. The image is mirror-imaged on a heat transfer paper which then is taped on the fabric. The fabric is laid down on the heat press, the machine gets heated and the lid is closed on the fabric. After taking the lid off, the image is transferred on the fabric.

Folding Machine

A folding machine folds papers in to different types of folds which are shown in the image below. Each fold-type requires different settings on the machine so trials need to be run on the folder to make sure that the edges are even.

Folding Types

On the right are shown different types of folds which are done on a folder. The name of each fold is fed in the folding machines by default so one only needs to select the type of fold and insert paper in the machine.


A scorer is used to put a crease where a fold needs to made on a heavy paper stock. Light weight paper is folded using electronic folder but heavy weight paper needs a crease before the hand fold because direct folding can cause cracks on the paper.

Paper Jogger

Paper Jogger is used to organize papers that are disorganized or shuffled. It helps to keep stacks of paper in order, especially when something needs to be cut.

Electronic Cutter

An electronic cutter can cut thick stacks of paper at one time. The dimensions of the cutter can be altered using the scale on the machine. The scale has different cutting units which are: mm, cm and inches.


Paper Collator

A paper collator is used to collate and place pages in a specific order. For example, to create several copies of a binder, similar pages are put in individual slots. The machine when turned on, grabs one piece of each page and releases the collated group at the bottom. The product released from the bottom is a finished piece of one collated stack of sheets.

Drill Machine

The drill machine drills holes in stacks of paper with the help of metal pins. The position and size of the drill on the paper can be altered according to the required size of the holes and number of holes. The pins need to be emptied out if they get clogged with paper and grease is then applied to the mouth of the pins so that the holes are smoothly drilled into the paper.


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